Slimy Pests Attacking Grain Crops
Slugs are causing serious damage to grain crops in Australia. In fact, many grain farmers are having to re-sow their crops as a result. This pest problem may require Australian farmers to rethink the way their maintain their crops.
Read more from abc.net.au:
As producers become better at conserving water they’re creating a paradise for slug species and many farmers have been forced to re-sow crops despite multiple baiting attempts.
Earlier this year, the Grains Research and Development Corporation invested $1.3 million for research into better slug and snail management methods.
South Australian Research Institute (SARDI) is undertaking the work and entomologist Dr Michael Nash warns baiting alone will do little in the long term.
“I upset a lot of no-till farmers when I say, you need some sort of cultivation and rolling in your farming system as well [as baiting] and some burning,” Dr Nash says. Continue reading…
Environmentally Friendly Pest Control
Alternatives to chemical pest control include horticultural oils and soaps. These are safe for both users and beneficial insects. Pests are also incapable of building up immunity to these types of eco-friendly methods.
Read more from nwfdailynews.com:
Horticultural oils and soaps will control egg, immature and adult stages of soft-bodied pests such as aphids, thrips, whiteflies, mites and scales. Bt products are used to control caterpillars.
Horticultural oil is formulated with an emulsifier that allows it to be mixed with water. Oil-based products kill insects on contact by disrupting respiration, cell membrane function or structure.
Horticultural oils are classified as dormant oils, summer oils or superior oils. Dormant oils are the heaviest of the horticultural oils and are formulated for use on dormant plants. Apply these oils during dormancy but before plants begin spring growth. Do not use dormant oils during the growing season unless the label specifically states that such use is safe. Summer oils are lighter than dormant oils and are formulated for use during spring and summer. Continue reading…